There are many reasons to plant a tree. Trees produce oxygen, store carbon, stabilize the soil and provide habitat for wildlife. They also provide us with shade, fruit, and beauty in our landscape.
Trees are long-lived, so when you plant a tree, you are making an investment in the future. A single tree can live for hundreds of years, and in that time, it will continue to provide all of the benefits listed above.
When choosing a tree to plant, consider the size of the tree at maturity, as well as its sun and water requirements. You will also want to choose a species that is appropriate for your climate and soil type.
Step 1. Dig the hole for planting.
Then, take containers for trees from their container. You can then determine the size of the diameter of the rootball using the handle of the shovel to determine the amount you need to dig. The hole should be as long as 3 times the size of the ball of roots. It is crucial to ensure that the flare of your root is not below the soil’s surface. To stop air pockets from forming beneath the tree, you need to create an elongated mound of soil at the base of the hole. Then, tamp down to stop the tree from collapsing.
Step 2: Rub or loosen roots and then take off the stake from the nursery.
We’ve found that this process is crucial to the tree’s robust performance. Roots should radiate straight from the middle in the ball of the root. The tree should be laid on its side, placing the root ball placed on the tarp. Use gloves to work your fingers into the ball to loosen and unblock the roots. Cut off any roots that are circling to avoid growing. It is the perfect time to trim the ties in the green and take off the stakes for the nursery.
Step 3: Set your tree in the middle of the hole.
The perennial plants only have one chance of being planted correctly so ensure that the position and depth are correct prior to filling the soil. The root flare must be just above the surface. If it’s too low or excessively high, take the tree up and then fill in or remove the soil as required. The tree should be rotated until you have found the most suitable location to prevent branches from straying from structures or walkways. Stand the tree up and then fill in the earth around its rootball. Carefully tamp down the soil surrounding the ball using a shovel or the toe of your shoes to remove huge air pockets. Avoid stepping directly onto the root ball because it can cause damage and also compact the roots.
Step 4: Create an earth berm
A soil berm is a mound that surrounds the tree’s trunk, between 10 and 12 inches away from the trunk, that creates the appearance of a bowl or basin that can hold about 10 gallons of water. The berm’s interior should be located at the edge of the ball. Making sure the root ball is kept moist is crucial until the tree has been established.
Step 5: Take the tree
Two stakes known as ‘lodge poles’ can be used to assist the new tree to grow straight until the roots become established. In yards and parks, three stakes are used to guard trees against mowers. Put the top of the stake on the ground 8 inches away from the tree nursery and then hold it in place. Lean the stake’s top over so that you can easily move the stake pounder over the stake. Always wear a hard hat when working with the stake pounder. Make sure the stake is set securely and the pounder is able to be removed. Be extremely careful when taking the pounder off the stake. Repeat the process with the third stake, spaced equally all around the tree.
Step 6: Attach the tree.
The tie should be placed at the bottom of the trunk so that the tree is straight. This is usually about 4 feet away from the ground. Place the trunk at the height you want to tie it at; the tree must stand straight and not lean. One wrap around the trunk, and another loop in the direction of the tree. Attach the end of your tie to create the stake.
Step 7: Water the tree thoroughly
The basin should be filled with water and strengthen the berm as needed. Keep watering until the berm has been established.