Types and characteristics of trampolines, how to choose the right trampoline for home
A trampoline is a special equipment for jumping upwards, which is made for sports activities or entertainment. Often, the structure is presented as a jump canvas stretched over a strong frame. Indoor trampolines are more in demand than the huge ones. There are also inflatable options. These trampolines may have a beneficial effect on:
- Work of the cardiovascular system;
- Emotional condition; coordination of movements and vestibular apparatus;
- Development of the muscles of the back, legs, buttocks and abs;
Types of Trampoline
Depending on the purpose and frequency of use, you can choose different types of trampolines.
The best option for young children is inflatable structures that are easy to install. And, if necessary, you can remove by folding it and place it at a corner. The inflatable type of trampolines can be found in various entertainment rooms, parks and courtyards.
Their bright colour attracts the younger generation. Small trampolines are installed at home. Manufacturing material – dense PVC, some parts of which are hermetically sealed during operation.
How to choose a quality inflatable structure?
The density of PVC should not be less than 650 g / m2. This affects the durability of the inflatable structure.
It is necessary to pay attention to the seams and joints (strength, tightness).
Large products, which are often used for commercial applications, are often equipped with additional equipment (fan, pump, heater).
It is important to compare the weight load for which the equipment is designed. Weight should not increase.
A quality water trampoline should be padded and segmented to balance the weight.
Among the main advantages of this type of trampoline, some of them are:
- Practical design.
The placement of the shock absorbers makes it possible to instantly respond to the athlete’s jumps. Good quality equipment should be equipped with a protective fence with a net. Especially, if children are engaged in the apparatus. The maximum operating weight is 160 kg. You can use this design both in the house and on the street. Round trampolines are often used by professionals. They are quite lightweight and ergonomic when folded, which makes them easy to transport.
It is represented by a dense jumping canvas stretched over a steel frame. The equipment size does not exceed 1.5 m in diameter, and the maximum user weight is 120 kg. The equipment is lightweight and easy to carry to a comfortable place for sports at home. Often, models are additionally equipped with a handle for greater comfort during operation. It is important to remember that the ceiling height should be at least 3 m. It is advisable to think over the issue of sound insulation in advance if you plan to conduct fitness training in an apartment.
The main purpose of their use is sports:
The frame is made of high-strength material – galvanized steel with an additional polymer coating. The size of the simulator in diameter may differ – from 1.5 m to 5 m. This type of trampoline can have its own varieties:
- Mini-trainers for gymnastics and fitness;
- Rectangular – professional use;
- Round with a protective fence and mesh;
- Great for family use.
Using this equipment for sports purposes, you can pump a large number of muscles.
Gymnastics on trampolines belongs to the Olympic sport, therefore, special requirements for compliance with quality standards are put forward for the manufacture of professional equipment. The main ones are:
- Rectangular shape;
- Steel frame;
- Special reinforcement of the jump cloth;
- Lack of a protective fence;
- Professional springs.
These are the safest models to use. Under the jump fibre, there are special fiberglass shock absorbers. These innovative designs allow you to bounce off the surface without unnecessary effort and movement. The legs are made of flexible material, which are designed for added safety. The springless trainer can be called durable and popular. It is often installed in children’s and sports halls.
Often they are installed in an open space, for example, in a courtyard in a country house. In order to use this projectile, you must first dig a hole, which is the same size as the diameter of the product. It is almost impossible to get injured during the operation of the ground simulator, since it coincides in level with the soil surface. Manufacturing material – galvanized steel with anti-corrosion coating. This is necessary due to the constant interaction with different weather conditions. In the winter season, the inventory is dismantled and removed for storage in a dry room.
Key features and tips for choosing products
Frame coverage is of particular importance. For home use, a galvanized frame will be acceptable. And for outdoor use, it is worth choosing products from galvanized steel.
In addition to the maximum permissible load, the quality of the fasteners should also be considered.
Shape and size:
The diameter of round mini-simulators is 1-1.4 m. Professional variations are large in size – 1.5-4 m in diameter. If you need to select high-quality models for the room, then a design with a diameter of up to 3 m is suitable. Larger products are installed on the street or in entertainment complexes. Rectangular have dimensions: 5 m long and 3 m wide.
You can find models with carbon and plastic frames. But, the most common are considered to be metal frames, which are the strongest and durable. Light weight refers to aluminium, but the price of such shells is more expensive. For a budget option, a steel frame is suitable, but they differ in weight. The diameter of the tubes varies depending on the versatility and purpose of the product – 42-48 mm. The less load is implied, the thinner the frame wall thickness is needed:
For children and adolescents weighing should not exceed 70 kg, a thickness of up to 1.5 mm is suitable; 2 mm for adults.
There are differences in equipment weight depending on its purpose:
Children – no more than 50-70 kg;
For adults – 100-120 kg;
Professional – 150 kg.
There are various options here: for children (up to 20 kg); adults (50-100 kg); professional (up to 300 kg).
The main task is to reliably protect and firmly attach around the perimeter of the product so that there are no accidental falls outside of it.
It is important to pay attention to additional and important elements. For example, a soundproof mat, stairs, legs and door. A high-quality simulator will bring a lot of benefits and pleasure while exercising on it.